Common Injuries

 

Common Injuries: (during wildland firefighting, most injuries are a direct result of overuse)

Physical fitness training injuries video (wmv file)

  • Shin Splints
  • Tennis Elbow
  • Carpel Tunnel Syndrome
  • Lumbar Pain (lower back)
  • Knee problems
  • Foot problems
  • Ankle Sprains/Strains
  • Blisters
  • Bone Bruises

Overuse Injury Common Causes:

  • Not stretching – lack of warm up, cool down, and adequate stretching routine
  • Exercising too much, too soon
  • Improper exercise techniques
  • Repetition of exercises (without adequate muscle recovery)
  • Anatomical factors (ie: tilted pelvis and flat feet)
  • Being overweight
  • Improper shoe wear (should be specific for the activity)
  • Training surfaces (i.e. running on concrete)
  • Imbalance in muscle strength (between opposing muscles – i.e. abs/lower back)
  • Machismo (in both men and women)

Emergency Medical Concerns: - * get immediate medical attention

  • Difficulty breathing *
  • Dizziness/lightheadedness
  • Shortness of breath *
  • Chest pain and/or discomfort *
  • Sever headache
  • Unusual fatigue
  • Loss of consciousness *
  • Allergic reaction *
  • Rapid heart rate
  • Nausea/vomiting
  • Loss of muscle control *
  • Slurred speech *
  • Impaired vision *
  • Disorientation
  • Unexplained Euphoria
  • Profuse bleeding *

First Aid Treatment for Common Injuries:

Basic first aid treatment is essential for minor injuries sustained from exercise. The following R.I.C.E. method should be used:

  • R – rest the affected injured area immediately.
  • I – apply ice immediately to the injured area to minimize pain and swelling.
  • C – put a compression bandage on the injured area as to minimize swelling.
  • E – elevate the injured area to minimize blood flow to the injured area thus minimizing swelling and pain.
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button Aerobic Fitness
button Muscle Strength
button Core Training
button Flexibility
button Common Injuries
button Mental Fitness/ Preparation
button Firefighter Nutrition
button Wildland Fitness Assessment Battery
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button Appendices
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