International Support in Wildland Fire Suppression

fire in AustraliaAustralia and New Zealand’s assistance is authorized by the Wildfire Suppression Assistance Act (P.L. 101-11) emergency provision, which states: “with or without an agreement” the U.S. Government can request assistance from foreign fire agencies. This new arrangement will allow us to draw on the Australian fire agencies during critical fire seasons.

On September 9, 2001, the Secretaries of Agriculture and Interior signed an agreement with Australian Prime Minister John Howard for mutual assistance in firefighting between the United States and three states in Australia.

Similar command structures, training and physical requirements allow the New Zealand and Australian firefighters to easily blend into the upper level ranks of American wildland fire organizations.



In February the United States sent three Burned Area Emergency Rehabilitation (BAER) teams, a 20 person crew and 15 fire specialists (a total of 73 personnel) to Australia. The last of these resources were released in early April.

The U.S. also provided one national Type 1 Incident management Team and 20 smokejumpers to British Columbia, Canada, in August.


A total of 44 Australian fire operations specialists were utilized during the northern California fire siege.  


US firefighters in Australia<empty>The US sent 67 specialists to help with fires in Australia.  





US provided a Type 1 Incident Management Team (July 3 to July 16), three Type 1 crews, two Type 2 initial attack crews and miscellaneous overhead to the Canadian Interagency Forest Fire Center (CIFFC). These resources assisted the Province of British Columbia with its fire activity

Canada provided ten 20-person crews, 11 smokejumpers and 59 overhead to assist suppression operations in the US. Additionally up to 115 fire specialists and management personnel from Australia and New Zealand were assigned to western fires in August and September.
The Australian and New Zealand firefighters were demobed on Sept 17, 2006.  


fire in AustraliaThrough an established International Arrangement, 44 Australians and 10 New Zealanders were mobilized to the United States on August 27 and departed on September 15. These overhead resources were deployed to western Montana, filling critical command and operations management positions.

In January 2003, during the peak of the Australian fire season, a contingent of 36 US fire specialists was sent to the state of Victoria for a month along with an infrared aircraft. They arrived starting Jan 18 with the last person and the infrared aircraft returning March 2.


150 people from Canada served in various overhead positions, and a total of 25 Canadian Type I crews helped fight wildfires. These crews represented an increase of about 30 percent of the number of Type I crews that were available to fight fire.

Fifty of the most highly trained and experienced firefighters from New Zealand and Australia arrived at NIFC on August 8, 2002 to help manage western wildland fires. These firefighters filled the most critical resource needs for fire suppression in the United States, which were for mid-level supervisors, and experienced aviation managers. This group includes 15 helicopter managers and 10 helibase managers. The ground firefighter supervisors were deployed on August 11 and the air operations firefighters were deployed on August 12 after an orientation at NIFC.
All the Australian and New Zealand firefighters went to fires in southwestern Oregon.

At their demobilization point on September 12, the Australian and New Zealand firefighters had completed two two-week assignments, with two days R&R between their assignments spent in Eureka, California.


In 2000, over 500 individuals from Australia, New Zealand, Canada and Mexico assisted in fighting wildfires. Although fire management personnel from the United States, New Zealand and Australia have exchanged research, training, and technology for years, the summer of 2000 was the first time their firefighters fought fires on American soil.

In the Spotlight
photo of wildland fire and operations