Common Injuries


Common Injuries: (during wildland firefighting, most injuries are a direct result of overuse)

Physical fitness training injuries video (wmv file)

  • Shin Splints
  • Tennis Elbow
  • Carpel Tunnel Syndrome
  • Lumbar Pain (lower back)
  • Knee problems
  • Foot problems
  • Ankle Sprains/Strains
  • Blisters
  • Bone Bruises

Overuse Injury Common Causes:

  • Not stretching – lack of warm up, cool down, and adequate stretching routine
  • Exercising too much, too soon
  • Improper exercise techniques
  • Repetition of exercises (without adequate muscle recovery)
  • Anatomical factors (ie: tilted pelvis and flat feet)
  • Being overweight
  • Improper shoe wear (should be specific for the activity)
  • Training surfaces (i.e. running on concrete)
  • Imbalance in muscle strength (between opposing muscles – i.e. abs/lower back)
  • Machismo (in both men and women)

Emergency Medical Concerns: - * get immediate medical attention

  • Difficulty breathing *
  • Dizziness/lightheadedness
  • Shortness of breath *
  • Chest pain and/or discomfort *
  • Sever headache
  • Unusual fatigue
  • Loss of consciousness *
  • Allergic reaction *
  • Rapid heart rate
  • Nausea/vomiting
  • Loss of muscle control *
  • Slurred speech *
  • Impaired vision *
  • Disorientation
  • Unexplained Euphoria
  • Profuse bleeding *

First Aid Treatment for Common Injuries:

Basic first aid treatment is essential for minor injuries sustained from exercise. The following R.I.C.E. method should be used:

  • R – rest the affected injured area immediately.
  • I – apply ice immediately to the injured area to minimize pain and swelling.
  • C – put a compression bandage on the injured area as to minimize swelling.
  • E – elevate the injured area to minimize blood flow to the injured area thus minimizing swelling and pain.
button What is Fitness
button Getting Started
button Essential Components
button Aerobic Fitness
button Muscle Strength
button Core Training
button Flexibility
button Common Injuries
button Mental Fitness/ Preparation
button Firefighter Nutrition
button Wildland Fitness Assessment Battery
button Home Grown Fitness
button Q & A
button Resources
button Appendices
button BLM Fire and Aviation Fitness Challenge
button FireFit Task Group