Wildland firefighting and field work demands a high level of muscular and aerobic fitness to perform safely in difficult environments. Being prepared to work in steep terrain, extreme temperatures, high altitude, and smoke, while maintaining a reserve work capacity to meet unforeseen emergencies, is critical for wildland firefighters. Some smokejumpers receive Emergency Medical Technician (EMT) training, which is updated annually, so they can deal with injuries that may result from parachuting or firefighting.
Rookie Training is conducted in Boise by a cadre of BLM smokejumpers. It begins in mid-April and lasts five weeks. During this time trainees are evaluated continuously on the following factors: